Cadaver Prosection Significance in Medical Field: Analytical Survey of Anatomy Pedagogy
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of dissection as a useful pedagogy in the field of anatomy through assessment of views of respondents.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the anatomy department of a private and a public sector college for a period of twelve weeks during the year 2018.A total of 135 participants were re- cruited in this survey. The nature of participation (regular or irregular) in comparison was used as the predictor variable. The average scores for each item were calculated and compared between the par- ticipants at dissections using Mann-Whitney's U test. Likert-style survey was designed for evaluation. The IBM SPSS statistics version 21 was used for the analysis of data.
Results: A large number of participants overall strongly supported the version that a dissection pro- gram should be essentially inducted into the curriculum; viewed non-participation at dissection ses- sions as to be disadvantageous in terms of their learning repertoire. Seventy eight percent stated it deepens understanding of anatomy as a subject. Around 80% of the participants preferred dissection over other tools of learning, whereas 67% agreed that it develops 3-dimensional structural approach; also agreed with the time allocated for dissection is sufficient for learning (57%). Besides this, a mi- nority of respondents put up a negative perception in terms of dissection being time consuming (36%), stress inducing (18%), boring (20%), and difficulty in finding out structures was also reported (43.3%).
Conclusion: The use of dissection in undergraduate medical education as part of anatomy pedagogy may develop a useful golden opportunity for students to work on additional learning objectives such as professionalism, manual dexterity, ethics, teamwork, self- and peer evaluation.