Pattern and Burden of Road Traffic Accidents in Tertiary Care Public Hospital, District Central, Karachi from 2016 to 2018
Objective: To assess the burden of trauma during the last three years (2016-18) caused by road traffic accidents presenting to the trauma centre of tertiary care public hospital in district central, Karachi.
Methods: All the accident cases presenting in the trauma center of the hospital in last three years who were defined as accidents occurring on a public road and involving at least one moving vehicle were included in the study. Those with incomplete medical records were excluded. This was a crosssectional study where records of a total of 2857 individuals were retrospectively collected and their socio-demographic information, history of road traffic crashes, clinical history and examination was noted. Data was analyzed through SPSS while descriptive statistical analysis of continuous and categorical variables was performed.
Results: The mean age of patients admitted to the trauma centre was 29.3 ± 16.7 years with no significant difference between both gender. Out of 2857 patients with road traffic accident injuries, around 80.9% were males. The most prevalent age group was 16-30 years of age, which was over 40.2%, followed
by subjects of 31 - 45 years age group which was 21%. The study results further showed that over 51.3% of the road traffic accident patients were discharged normally, followed by 46.7% subjects who left against medical advice. Overall death rate was 2% (n=57).
Conclusion: This study helps to identify the latest accident burden and pattern of injuries to develop plans aimed at prevention of road traffic accidents. Looking at the burden, the most affected was the younger subjects (16-30 years) highlighting the need for targeting this population for educational programs
and policies about safe driving. Among the road traffic accidents cases the subjects who left against medical advice cases was gradually decreasing from 2016 to 2018 suggesting better healthcare facilities at the tertiary care hospital and corresponding increasing patient's confidence in them.