Evaluation of Household Perception about Polio Immunization, Prior and After the Direct Supervision of District Administration in Karachi
Keywords:Polio Immunization, Vaccination, District administration, National Emergency Action Plan (NEAP), Karachi.
Objective: To compare the change in the household perception about supplementary polio immuniza- tion to eradicate polio, prior and after taking special interest of the district administration Karachi from 2012 to 2016.
Methods: The study was conducted in the District Central, Karachi, about household perception of polio immunizationon May, 2015 and April 2016. A total of 350 participants were enrolled in this study through non-probability consecutive sampling technique by healthcare workers visiting the household for supplementary polio immunization activities (SIAs). The perception of head of the families whether male or female with children were participated in this study. Study participants were enrolled after in- formed consent, inquired about the polio immunization team visits, access to immunization informa- tion (means of knowing health information), belief in the vaccination and knowledge of polio. The study participant's confidentiality and anonymity were maintained throughout the research process. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 21 (10 BM).
Results: The results were analyzed and compared with before and after the direct supervision of district administration of Karachi i.e 2012 and 2016, the results of the study indicated that the polio im- munization team visits has been increased by 14% (67% to 81%); polio immunization information access increased by 5% (67% to 72%) as responded by respondents. Moreover, according to respon- dents the knowledge and awareness in polio vaccination has increased by 13% (55% to 68%), while the belief on polio vaccine has increased to 11% (63% to 74%).
Conclusion: In the central district of Karachi the household perception regarding polio immunization team visits, information access, knowledge and belief on Polio vaccine has increased significantly after the direct supervision of district administration Karachi.