Sutureless and Glue Free Conjunctival Autograft in Pterygium Surgery
Keywords:Pterygium, pterygium excision, conjunctival autograft, suture free autograft
Objective: The objective of the study is to report a newer technique of pterygium excision followed by suture less and glue free conjunctival autograft for its complications and recurrence rate.
METHODS: This prospective and quassi experimental study was carried out at Baqai medical university hospital, Karachi from January 2016 to December 2016. This study consists of 30 eyes of 22 patients, above 15 years of age with primary progressive Pterygium of 2 mm or more in size and interfering with the vision. All the patients were operated under sub tenon’s anesthesia, Pterygium was excised with surgical blade followed by suture less and glue free conjunctival autograft from superior limbus. Primary outcomes measures included graft loss, granuloma and any other complications noted within six months. Recurrence was also noted at 6 months.
RESULTS: There were 30 eyes of 22 patients. There were 4 females (18.18%) and 18 male patients (81.81%). The mean age was 31.28 years ± 9.4 SD. Right eye was seen in 16 (53%) cases. Graft lost was recorded in 1 patient (4.5%), conjunctival pyogenic granuloma in 1 patient (4.5%) and graft retraction was seen in 1 (4.5%) case. Recurrence rate was none at 6 months post operatively.
CONCLUSION: Conjunctival autograft without suture and glue is a new and simple technique that can be done with minimal expenses and limited resources. It has fewer complications and no recurrence.