Comparison Of Outcome Between Simple Polypectomy Versus Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Objective: Nasal polyps are smooth, soft tissue, pale or yellow shining bulges that can block nasal cavity, sinuses and brings persistent state of rhino sinusitis influencing quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of simple intranasal polypectomy versus Endoscopic sinus surgery after removing nasal polyps.
Methodology: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of ENT in Civil Hospital, Hyderabad from April 2020 to June 2020. After ethical approval, 60 adult patients of either gender ranging from 14 to 40 years, with Sino nasal Polyposis were randomly selected. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 17. Categorical variables like all complications were presented as frequency and percentage.
Result: Out of 60 patients, 37(61.6%) males and 23 (38.4%) female, and mean age 28.87 ± 7.69 years, the post-operative complications like bleeding was observed in 6.7%, crusting 10%, Synechiae formation 10% of patients after 6 weeks, recurrence in 13.3% after 3 months, while intraorbital complications i.e. orbital swelling in 13.3% patients following simple intranasal polypectomy. In contrast, bleeding 10%, crusting 16.7% with orbital swelling 3.3% was reported up to 2 weeks following surgery. Synechiae formation 16.7% up to 3 months was observed following Endoscopic sinus surgery.
Conclusion: Post-operative complications of endoscopic sinus surgery have been quite lesser as compared to simple nasal polypectomy along with low recurrence rate. Fortunately, intra cranial complications were not observed, only intra orbital swelling was seen in both types of surgeries.