Evaluation of Frequency of Different Types of Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Tertiary Care Hospital
Keywords:Diabetes Mellitus, type 2, frequency, retinopathy
Objective: To evaluate frequency of different types of retinopathy in Type 2 diabetic patients.
Methods: It was Cross-sectional study Conducted in department of General Medicine and Eye of Dow University Hospital OPD. A total of 350 diabetic patients more than 20 years old were recruited in the study between January 2021 to December 2021.
Results: Out of 350 patients retinopathy was present in 98 patients (28%) while absent in 252 (72%). Regarding types of retinopathy mild Non Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy was present in 36 (36.7%), moderate Non Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy was found in 16 (16.3%) and severe in 4 (4.1%). Proliferative Retinopathy in 6 (6.1%). Maculopathy was present in 6 (6.1%). Clinical significant macular edema in 14 (14.3%) and advance retinopathy in 16 (16.3%) of diabetics. Cup to disk ratio was normal in 90 patients while higher in 8 patients with retinopathy. Males (63.3%) were more prone to develop retinopathy as compared to female (36.7%). Out of 98 patients with retinopathy, age of 44 (44.9%) of patients was <55 years and 54(55.1%) was >55 years. Patients having retinopathy, 30 (30.6%) have duration <10 years while 68(69.4%) have duration >10 years. Uncontrolled diabetics (77.6%) develop retinopathy more frequently than controlled ones.
Conclusions: Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the major complications of diabetes so in order to prevent visual loss it is vital to detect it early. We conclude that chances of developing retinopathy in diabetics is directly related to age of patients, duration of disease and uncontrolled diabetes.